Advice Associates Contributing to National Migration
ADVICE ASSOCIATES IS AWARE OF MIGRATION IN PAKISTAN AND HELPING THE NATION IN ITS SETTLEMENT.
Advice associates is the only Estate Agency in Bahira town which support the local and international migrant to settled in the best housing societies in Pakistan with the supports of its online and offline information system. All the information’s are updated on daily basis, which includes plots no, prices and location of plots.
In this article all the issues related to migration are briefed in details with standardized statistics. The only goal of Advice Associates in to provide local and international migrant the best solution to settle in planned areas and societies.
Migration is a way to move from one place to another in order to live and work. Movement of people from their home to another city, for a job, shelter or some other reasons is called migration. Migration from rural areas to urban areas has increased in past few years in Pakistan.
Causes of Migration
Nowadays, many people decide to migrate to have a better life. Employment opportunities are the most common reason due to which people migrate. Except this, lack of opportunities, better education, construction of dams, globalization, natural disaster (flood and drought) and sometimes crop failure forced villagers to migrate to cities. There are less earning opportunities in villages. There are hospitals with lack of facilities. People are not aware of new technological advancements. Quality of education is poor as compared to a city.
Impacts of Migration
Migration is becoming a very important subject for the life of cities. Many opportunities and attraction of big cities pull large numbers of people to big cities. Migration can have positive effects on the life of the migrants.
I. Unemployment is reduced and people get better job opportunities.
II. Migration helps in improving the quality of life of people.
III. It helps to improve social life of people as they learn about new culture, customs, and languages which help to improve brotherhood among people.
IV. Migration of skilled workers leads to a greater economic growth of the region.
V. Children get better opportunities for higher education.
VI. The population density is reduced and the birth rate decreases.
Migration in Pakistan
Pakistan is among the most urbanized countries of South Asia. As challenges urban planning is gradually finding space in the policy.
I. According to 1998 census records, some 10 million people, or 8 per cent of the population of Pakistan, were internal or international migrants.
II. With an urban population growing three percent per year, Pakistanis are flocking to cities faster than any other country in South Asia. By 2030, more than half of Pakistan’s projected 250 million citizens are expected to live in cities.
III. The most frequent reasons given for migrating within Pakistan were related to family and marriage, although employment and business reasons were also common. The main drivers of Pakistan’s urban growth are high birth rates and migration from rural areas. Migrants are attracted to cities for better jobs and improved access to basic services.
IV. Regions in which there was widespread out-migration were those where incomes were low and uncertain.
V. Reasons for rural migration included displacement due to development projects; migration from arid areas; migration of share-tenants and seasonal migration.
VI. In most of the major cities planning for migration has been reactive rather than anticipatory migrant communities have established themselves in squatter settlements without infrastructure support, and slowly legalized them.
Following Are The Biggest Challenges Facing Urban Policymakers.
1. Poor housing quality and affordability
The State Bank of Pakistan has estimated that across all major cities, urban housing was approximately 4.4 million units short of demand in 2015. If current trends continue, Pakistan’s five largest cities will account for 78 percent of the total housing shortage by 2035.
When provided, housing is often low quality. Pakistan ranks eighth among the ten countries that collectively hold 60 percent of substandard housing across the world. Karachi, one of the world’s fastest growing mega cities with an estimated 17 million people.
2. Water and Sanitation
In most Pakistani cities, water is supplied only four to 16 hours per day and to only 50 percent of the population. According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), 90 percent of water supply schemes are unsafe for drinking. Shared latrines among households are common in cities and access to solid waste management services remains low. The World Bank estimates that poor sanitation costs Pakistan around 3.9 percent of GDP.
While overall health and nutrition are better for urban than for rural population child mortality and malnutrition indicators show that Pakistan’s urban poor have health outcomes only marginally better than the rural poor. Better health outcomes in urban areas are explained by improved access to private health care in cities.
Although urban areas have higher student enrollment and better learning outcomes. Like healthcare, better education in cities is explained by the private sector. The absence of educational and health facilities in smaller cities pushes people towards big cities, where service delivery becomes increasingly strained as the urban population grows.
5. Land Management
Outdated land use regulation and building codes, the absence of a unified land record system and patchy data on land use result in poor urban land management. One consequence is extreme inequality in land use. In Karachi, 36 percent of the population lives in formally planned settlements that consume 77 percent of the city’s residential land, where urban density can be as low as 84 people per hectare. On the other hand, Karachi’s many informal settlements have densities of more than 4,500 per hectare. These hugely varying densities have resulted in unequal access to vital urban services.
Unplanned urban sprawl continues unchecked. Housing schemes built beyond city limits have used up an estimated 60,000 acres of prime agricultural land. Rawalpindi, Karachi and Lahore have seen the development of large real estate schemes by private and military developers particularly along the highways. These ventures are redefining urban limits, further straining service delivery.
Role and Goal of Advice Associates:-
Advice Associates are fully aware of migration environment and it sole goal is to provide the needy migrant the best settlement solution, and the investor the best investment solution in real estate business with best ROI. We as an Estate Agency are helping the nation in national migration to settle the nation in the most advanced housing societies of Pakistan.